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Well, in this occasion, I will give explanation about Adverb.
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Adverb: Definition & Types
An adverb is a word/a set of words that modifies verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. It tells when, where, and how an action is performed or indicates the quality or degree of the action.
Many adverbs end in –ly but some words which end in –ly (such as friendly) are not adverbs. Many words can be both adverbs and adjectives according to their activity in the sentence.
- Riyan is always diligent to study.
- She likes mango very much.
- Mela is running fast.
- Ariana works hard.
- They wrote the article willingly.
Adverb Clauses and Adverb Phrases are clauses and phrases that modify the verbs, adjectives or other adverbs in the sentence.
- She ran toward the bus until he was tired. (Adverb Clause)
- She came carrying his box with two hands. (Adverb Phrase)
- They were panicked without any reason. (Adverb Phrase)
Types of Adverbs:
- Conjunctive Adverbs
- Sentence Adverbs
- Adverbs of Time/Frequency (When?)
- Adverbs of Place/Direction (Where?)
- Adverbs of Degree (How Much?)
- Adverbs of Manner (How?)
A conjunctive adverb connects phrases or independent clauses. It provides transitions between ideas and shows relationships.
Conjunctive adverbs are also called connectors.
- It rained yesterday. Nonetheless, the final match has not been canceled.
- They are still confused, however, if the umpires will come.
- Last season there was a great drought; consequently, we could not grow crops.
A sentence adverb starts the sentence and modifies the whole sentence.
- Hopefully, I will win the match.
- Apparently, the she won that competition.
- Certainly, we did not think of coming here.
Adverbs of Time/Frequency (When?)
Adverbs of time/frequency indicate time or frequency of the action in the sentence. They answer the question ‘when/how frequently is the action performed?’.
Always, never, often, eventually, now, frequently, occasionally, once, forever, seldom, before, Sunday, Monday, 10 AM, 12 PM, etc. are common adverbs of time/frequency.
- She went to school a little late yesterday.
- Ardi always gets a good result.
- We will leave Monday.
- They smoke occasionally.
Adverbs of Place/Direction (Where?)
Adverbs of place/direction that indicate place/direction of the action in the sentence. They answer the question ‘ where is the action performed?’.
Across, over, under, in, out, through, backward, there, around, here, sideways, upstairs, in the park, in the field, in that place, etc. are some common adverbs of place/direction.
- Nadia went through the jungle.
- Metha plays in the field.
- He is going to school.
- Diana is staying at my home.
Adverbs of Degree (How Much?)
Adverbs that express the importance/degree/level of the action in the sentence are called adverbs of degree. They answer the question ‘how much is the action performed?’.
Completely, nearly, entirely, less, mildly, most, thoroughly, somewhat, excessively, much, etc. are common adverbs of degree.
- Natasha completely forgot about her anniversary.
- We read the newspaper thoroughly.
- Riyan is so excited about the new job.
- Fikri hardly studies
Adverbs of Manner (How?)
Adverbs that express the manner/approach/process of the action in the sentence are called adverbs of manner. They answer the question ‘how is the action performed?’.
Beautifully, equally, thankfully, carefully, handily, quickly, coldly, hotly, resentfully, earnestly, nicely, tirelessly, etc. are common adverbs of manner. These adverbs usually end in ly.
- Let’s divide the prizes equally.
- Please, handle the camera carefully.
- He is walking slowly.
- Firman is running fast.
I think my explanation about the point above is enough. If you have a question about the grammar rule I have just explained just now, you can write a comment in the comment form below. I will feel happy to answer your question or may be if you have suggestion or correction about it, you can also write a comment.